The Great Himalayan National Park


The Great Himalayan National Park, is one of India's national parks, is located in Kullu region in the state of Himachal Pradesh. The park was established in 1984 and is spread over an area of 1,171 km² at an altitude of between 1500 and 6000 m.

The Great Himalayan National Park is a habitat to numerous flora and more than 375 fauna species, including approximately 31 mammals, 181 birds, 3 reptiles, 9 amphibians, 11 annelids, 17 mollusks and 127 insects. They are protected under the strict guidelines of the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972; hence any sort of hunting is not permitted.In June 2014, the Great Himalayan National Park was added to the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites. The Unesco World Heritage Site Committee granted the status to the park under the criteria of "outstanding significance for biodiversity conservation".

Biogeography


The GHNP is at the junction of world's two major faunal regions: the oriental to the south and palaearctic to the north. The temperate forest flora-fauna of GHNP represents the westernmost extension of the Sino-Japanese Region. The high altitude ecosystem of the Northwest Himalaya has common plant elements with the adjacent Western and Central Asiatic region. As a result of its 4,100 m elevation range the park has a diversity of zones with their representative flora and fauna, such as alpine, glacial, temperate, and sub tropical forests.

These biogeographic elements are result of geological evolution of Himalaya which continues today from the action of plate tectonics and continental drift. Over 100 million years ago, the Indian sub-continent broke off from the large, southern landmass, Gondwanaland and moved north. It eventually slammed into the northern land mass, Laurasia, and formed the gigantic folded mountains of the Himalaya. Due to this union of Gondwanaland and Asiatic landmasses, exchange of flora and fauna was possible and this ultimately led to the unique biogeographical features in the region

he Great Himalayan National Park is home to more than 375 faunal species. So far species of 31 mammals, 181 birds, 3 reptiles, 9 amphibians, 11 annelids, 17 mollusks and 127 insects belonging to six orders have been identified and documented. Most of the Himalayan fauna has been given protection under the high priority protection category of Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. The state government of Himachal Pradesh has banned hunting in the state for more than ten years. A trek of 35 to 45 km in any of the park's valleys brings one into the high altitude habitat (3,500 m and above) of animals such as blue sheep, snow leopard, Himalayan brown bear, Himalayan tahr, and musk deer. Best sightings can be made in autumn (September–November) as animals start their seasonal migration to lower altitudes.

The GHNP also supports a great diversity of plant life thanks to its wide altitude range and relatively undisturbed habitats. From the lofty pinesand spruces and the great, spreading horse chestnuts of the lower valleys, to the dense cushions and prostrate branches of the alpine herbs and junipers, the park presents an endless variety of vegetation. Although some areas have been modified by grazing, this is one of the few areas of the Western Himalayas where the forests and alpine meadows can be seen in something approaching their original state. The subalpine zone is richest in species, followed by the alpine and upper temperate zones.


Hadimba Temple

Hidimbi Devi Temple, also known variously as the Hadimba Temple, is located in Manāli, a hill station in the State of Himāchal Pradesh in north India.

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Museum of Himachal

The Museum not only helped in preserving the culture and art but also brings awareness about the almost extinct traditions. The items exhibited here highlights the traditional way of life of the Himachal people. Under one roof it presents almost all aspects of the daily uses of the ancient Himachali people like clothes, stone mortar, earthen pots, hubble bubble, musical instruments, wooden carvings, weight scale, Kulluvi kitchen, traditional houses, handloom, ornaments etc.

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Tibetan Monasteries

Manali has several colorful monasteries that represent the rich culture and history of the Tibetan people settled in Kullu and Manali. There are two main monasteries in Manali that draw a large number of tourists-the Gadhan Thekchoking Gompa and the Himalayan Nyingamapa Gompa. These monasteries are surrounded by several small shops selling beautiful handicrafts and carpets, made by Tibetan people living nearby these monasteries. The Tibetan Monasteries also run a Thanks School of Arts and a Carpet-weaving Center to preserve ancient Tibetan art.

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Manu Temple

This historical Hindu temple in a serene setting backdropped by mountains is accessible by foot.his magnificent temple is dedicated to the sage Manu, who is said to be the creator of the world and the writer of Manusmriti.

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Club House

Elevated recreational center featuring a restaurant, indoor games & outdoor activities for all ages.

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Vashisht Hot Water

Located at a distance of 3 kms from Manali, there is a small village called Vashist. It is situated on the left bank of river Beas towards Rohtang pass. This village is known for its natural hot sulphur springs and temples. One of the most prominent temple is the pyramidal stone temple which is dedicated to sage Vashist.

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Maa Sharvari Temple

Sharvari Temple, 5 km from the main market of Manali, is a beautiful temple situated in hassle free and quiet picturesque surroundings above Shaminallah village. Maa Sharvari is represented as ‘Kuldevi’ of the kings of Kullu in early times and is worshipped as a manifestation of goddess Durga throughout the region. Tourists can enjoy a breathtaking view of the Kullu valley from Sharvari temple.

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Nehru Kund

The Nehru Kund is a natural spring which was named after the first prime minister of India Late Pundit Jawaharlal Nehru. The prime minister loved visiting the place and drinking the crystal clear water from the spring when he used to stay in Manali.

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Jogini Falls

This picturesque waterfall in a remote, tranquil setting has shrines below it & is sacred to locals.

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Solang Valley

Solang Nala derives its name from combination of words Solang and Nullah. It is a side valley at the top of the Kullu Valley in Himachal Pradesh, India 14 km northwest of the resort town Manali.

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Kothi

Kothi is located at a distance of 16 km from Manali, on the way to Lahaul-Spiti-Leh highway. The village of Kothi forms the bottom of the Rohtang Pass. From the gorge, tourists can avail the views of the deep gorge, and the River Beas rushing through it. The Kothi Gorge lies at a distance of 16 km from Manali, at an elevation of 2,500 metres.

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Gulaba

Gulaba is a village in the State of Himachal Pradesh. It is 20 km away from Manali and 6 km from Rohtang pass. The village is designed and manned as per the guidelines of National Green Tribunal Act. Gulaba has all the relevant equipment and computerized system to ensure good tourism management.Gulaba has mobile toilets units and an effective waste disposal system.

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Rohtang Pass

Rohtang Pass (Hindi: रोहतांग दर्रा) (Rohtang , corpse,due to people working in CBRE dying in bad weather trying to cross the pass) (elevation 3,978 m (13,050 ft)), is a high mountain pass on the eastern Pir Panjal Range of the Himalayas around 51 km (32 mi) from Manali. It connects the Kullu Valley with the Lahaul and Spiti Valleys of Himachal Pradesh, India.

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Adventure Activities

Manali is the hub of adventure activities in Himachal Pradesh. From white river rafting to trekking opportunities to zorbing to horse-riding to skiing to paragliding, Manali has everything to offer.

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Beas kund

The Beas River also known as the Biás or Bias,(Sanskrit, Vipasa; Greek, Hyphasis),is a river in north India. The river rises in the Himalayas in central Himachal Pradesh, India, and flows for some 470 kilometres (290 mi) to the Sutlej River in the Indian state of Punjab.

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Skiing in Manali

Skiing in Manali is one of the best adventure activities, which you can go for in India. Whether alone, with family or friends, it is a great sport to make the most of winters. This way you can relax, blow off some steam and also induce some adventure in your life.

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Chandratal Trek

The Chandratal Baralacha Trek is packed with everything that one would cherish during a journey. The shimmering sunset on the turquoise waters of Chandratal, undulated landscape, mountain passes, several small streams, lush green meadows, wild and colourful orchards and wildlife all together make the journey worth reliving every moment. The Chandratal Lake at an altitude of about 4,300 meters is one of the high altitude lakes in the Indian Himalayan region that is located on Samudra Tapu plateau of Spiti valley. The lake is the source of Chandra River, which is a major tributary of Chenab River.

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National Park

The Great Himalayan National Park, is one of India's national parks, is located in Kullu region in the state of Himachal Pradesh. The park was established in 1984 and is spread over an area of 1,171 km² at an altitude of between 1500 and 6000 m.

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Hampta Pass

Hamta Pass lies at an altitude of 4270 m on the Pir Panjal range in the Himalayas. It is a small corridor between Lahaul and Kullu valley of Himachal Pradesh, India.Hampta Village is located below Sethan village and from there it got its name Hamta Pass. This pass is frequently used by shepherds of lower Himalayan region, seeking for high altitude grassland in the dry cold desert of Lahaul during summer time. Numbers of wild flowers and herbs grow at the altitude between 3000 to 3800 m.

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Bara Bhangal Trek

Bara Bangal Kaliyahni trek, also known as the Shepherds trail trek, takes you from the lush green Kullu valley to the stark landscapes of Bara Bhangal range.A trekker will cross the Kalihani Pass and move northwest before reaching Bara Bhangal. From here there is a turn southwards to Thamsar Pass and reach Billing in Kangra valley to finish the trek. In the end, one may paraglide to Bir if the trek didn?t offer them a high.

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Malana

Malana is an ancient Indian village in the state of Himachal Pradesh. This solitary village in the Malana Nala, a side valley of the Parvati Valley to the north-east of Kullu Valley, is isolated from the rest of the world.

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