Barmer


Barmer District is a district in Rajasthan state of India. It is located in the western part of Rajasthan state forming a part of the Thar Desert.Barmer is the third largest district by area in Rajasthan and fifth largest district in India.

Barmer District is a district in Rajasthan state of India. It is located in the western part of Rajasthan state forming a part of the Thar Desert.Barmer is the third largest district by area in Rajasthan and fifth largest district in India. Occupying an area of 28,387 km2. Being in the western part of the state, it includes a part of the Thar Desert. Jaisalmer is to the north of this district while Jalore is in its south. Pali and Jodhpur form its eastern border and it shares a border with Pakistan in the west. Partially being a desert, this district has a large variation in temperature. The temperature in summer can rise up to 51 °C and falls to 0 °C in winter. Luni is the longest river in Barmer district. After travelling a length of almost 500 km, it passes through Jalore and merges in the marshy land of Runn of Kutch.District headquarters is in the town of Barmer. The other major towns in the district are: Balotra, Guda Malani, Baytoo, Siwana, Jasol and Chohatan. Recently, a large onshore oil field has been discovered and made functional in Barmer district.

In earlier times, the district was known as Mallani, in the name of Rawal Mallinath.Rawal Mallinath was the son of Rao Salkha and Rawal Mallinath is cultural, philanthropical and religious icon in Barmer, He is worshiped as God by local peoples. The whole area around the river Luni was said to have Malani (मलानी), derived from the name Mallinath. Present name of Barmer is derived from its founder ruler Bahada Rao or Bar Rao Parmar (Juna Barmer), it was named Bahadamer. He build a small town which is presently known as “Juna” which is 25 km from present city of Barmer. After Parmer’s, Rawat Luka -Grand Son of Rawal Mallinath, establish their kingdom in Juna Barmer with help of his brother Rawal Mandalak. They defeated Parmers of Juna & made it their capital. Thereafter, his descendant, Rawat Bhima, who was a great warrior, established the present city of Barmer in 1552 AD and shifted his capital to Barmer from Juna.

Nestled right at the beginning of the great Indian Thar Desert, Barmer is a beautiful charming town that owns its fair share of rich historical past. Adorned with several historical sites such as lofty forts and palaces other than temples, you can always witness the rustic environment all around. Adding charm to the raw beauty of the town are the camels trudging along the barren terrain, artisans busy in showing their rich crafts such as pottery, weaving, woodcarving, dance and music. Despite the harsh weather conditions and barren land, the place has attracted tourists from all around the globe displaying their brilliant craftsmanship especially in handicrafts, embroidery work and other traditional art forms.

History


The town of Barmer was founded in the 13th century by its ruler Bahada Rao Parmar (Panwar) or Bar Rao Parmar. It has the place where several dynasties thrived and perished. The early Barmer extended up to a great area including places like Khed, Pachpadra, Tilwara, Kiradu, Jasol, Mallani, Balotara and Sheo. However, the current district was formed in the year 1949 and the Jodhpur state was merged into the state of Rajasthan.

Architecture of Barmer


Barmer is a small historic town with intricately detailed forts, palaces and temples displaying remarkable carvings. Other than that as you travel across the town, you will notice mud-walled houses ornamented with delicate folk motifs.

Facts about Barmer


The town derives its name from its ruler Bahada Rao or Bar Rao who also founded the town in the 13th century. Once named as 'Bahada-mer', the name of the place was later shortened to Barmer. India's first onshore oil field was discovered in Barmer in the year 2009.

Best time to visit Barmer


The best time to explore this beautiful town of Rajasthan is between the months of October and March as the weather remains pleasant during this part of the year in this sandy region.