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Things to do -  general

Jaisalmer traces its inception to the 12th century. History tells us of Rawal Jaisal, the eldest heir of the Rawal of Deoraj, was passed over for the throne of Lodurva and a younger half-brother was crowned king. Rawal Jaisal went looking for a new location to set up his capital when he came across sage Eesul. The sage told him about Krishna’s prophecy which said that a descendant of his Yaduvanshi clan would found a new kingdom at this same spot. It was in 1156 that Rawal Jaisal constructed a mud fort, named it Jaisalmer after himself and declared it his capital.

Jaisalmer is a former medieval trading center and a princely state in the western Indian state of Rajasthan, in the heart of the Thar Desert. Known as the "Golden City," it's distinguished by its yellow sandstone architecture. Dominating the skyline is Jaisalmer Fort, a sprawling hilltop citadel buttressed by 99 bastions. Behind its massive walls stand the ornate Maharaja's Palace and intricately carved Jain temples.

Jaisalmer About this sound pronunciation, nicknamed "The Golden city", is a city in the Indian state of Rajasthan, located 575 kilometres (357 mi) west of the state capital Jaipur. Once known as Jaisalmer state it is a World Heritage Site. The town stands on a ridge of yellowish sandstone, crowned by a fort, which contains the palace and several ornate Jain temples. Many of the houses and temples are finely sculptured. It lies in the heart of the Thar Desert (the Great Indian Desert) and has a population of about 78,000. It is the administrative headquarters of Jaisalmer District.


Jaisalmer, being an arid desert region, is prone to extremes in terms of temperature. The temperature varies greatly from day to night in both summer and winter. The maximum summer temperature is around 49 °C (120 °F) while the minimum is 25 °C (77 °F). The maximum winter temperature is usually around 23.6 °C (74.5 °F) and the minimum is 5 °C (41 °F). The average rainfall is 209.5 millimetres (8.25 in).Highest ever recorded temperature was 50.0 °C (122.0 °F);the lowest ever recorded temperature being −5.9 °C (21.4 °F).Temperatures of up to 52.4 °C (126.3 °F) have been recorded near the international border close to Pakistan, but standard conditions of this temperature recording remain unverified.

Water is scarce, and generally brackish; the average depth of the wells is said to be about 250 feet (76 m). There are no perennial streams, and only one small river, the Kakni, which, after flowing a distance of 48 kilometres (30 mi), spreads over a large surface of flat ground, and forms Lake Orjhil ("The Bhuj-Jhil"). The climate is dry. Throughout Jaisalmer only raincrops, such as bajra, jawar, motif, til, etc., are grown; spring crops of wheat, barley, etc., are very rare.


The History of Jaisalmer has a charm of its own. Like all other cities of Rajasthan, Jaisalmer too has its own glorious past to boast about. History of Jaisalmer draws heavily from the history of the Rajputana. The city is said to be founded by one Raja Rawal Jaisal, a Bhatti Rajput ruler, in approximately 1156 A D. Legends go by that he did it on the behest of a local hermit named Eesaal. The raja choose Trikut hill as the new site for his fort. This was because he thought that his previous abode at Luderwa (16 km from present Jaisalmer) was vulnerable towards possible enemy assault.

In medieval times, Jaisalmer continued to be on the focus of the masses because of its location. It falls in the way of one of the two routes, which connected India from Persia, Egypt, Africa and the west. The Bhatti Rajput rulers were still in line. They were the sole guardian of the city and thus mustered enough wealth through taxes levied on the passing caravans, of which there was no scarcity.

For many years Jaisalmer remained out of bound from the foreign rulers partly because of its location and partly because of its relief. In the mid Thirteenth century, Ala-ud-din Khilji, the Turk-Afghan ruler of Delhi laid the siege over the city. He was apparently upset with the Bhatti Rajput rulers because they stopped and looted one of his caravans containing royal coffer which was on its way to Sind. The siege lasted for around 9 long years and when the fall seemed eminent the Rajput womenfolk of the city committed Jauhar (self Immolation to avoid disgrace).

It is said that Duda, the son of Raja Jaisimha, fought vehemently in the battle but was overpowered after the fierce hand to hand combat. He died fighting. His descendants continued to rule the city. Though they had a cordial relation with the Mughal rulers in Delhi, they fought unsuccessfully with Emperor Humayun. Emperor Shah Jahan gave the right of governance to Sabala Simha, who had the royal patronage and had shown remarkable valor to win the Battle of Peshawar.

In the modern era, Jaisalmer was still a tough nut to crack and was the last among the Rajputana royals to sign the 'Instrument of Agreement' with the British establishment. Even that was achieved after long hours on the negotiation table and after much cajoling from the British establishment in India. In the year 1947, royals signed the agreement to remain in just independent India. Since then it has developed itself into a major tourist destination as well as a cultural hub of the western India.

state Rajasthan,India
Country India
Area 5.1 km2 (2.0 sq mi)
Languages spoken Marwadi,Rajasthani,Hindi,English
Currency Ruppee

Top Things In Jiapur

Places to visits

  • Jaisalmer Fort

    Built in the 12th century by the Bhati Rajput ruler Rao Jaisal, the Jaisalmer Fort is a massive yellow sandstone fortification that maintains the Raj Mahal.

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    The architectural design of the fort having intricately carved windows, doors and walls is one of the fine examples of the rich heritage in India. Located on the Trikuta Hill and overlooking the Jaisalmer city, the Jaisalmer Fort is thus one of the popular tourist attractions in Jaisalmer. Moreover, the two canon points, located at vantage points within the fort, give you an amazing panoramic view of Jaisalmer city. Today… in the midst of the royal yellow sandstone architecture, Jaisalmer Fort boasted as one of the fortified cities in Rajasthan housing numerous eateries, including Italian, French, and native cuisines; hotels; and museums.

  • Camel Safari

    Being in the city of shifting sand dunes, you can’t escape the saddle journey.

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    A bumpy ride on a camel in the Thar Desert is one of the exciting things to do in Jaisalmer. It allows you to explore the remote and isolated places tucked in the midst of the desert. Certainly, the more time you devote on your safari, the more remote places you are likely to see and the more you may adjust to and enjoy the desert tranquility.

  • Sam Sand Dunes

    Approximately 42 kilometers from the fort city of Jaisalmer, the SAM Sand Dunes in the outskirts.

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    The exanimate ambiance with stretches of sweeping dunes, camel safari along the breathtaking crests and troughs and crimson horizon at the sunset altogether drops you to a pleasing hinterscape. Don’t miss the rustic and earthy music and folk dance of the gypsies that depicts the rural culture of the Rajasthani folk. The best time to visit the SAM Sand Dunes is at the time of the Jaisalmer Desert Festival, which is usually held in the month of February every year.

  • Gadi Sagar Lake

    Built in the 14th century as a water conservation tank, the Gadi Sagar Lake.

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    The lake encircles several temples with the most notable being the Krishna Temple that is located on top of the Tilon Gate. During the winter season, migratory birds flock the region and bird watching becomes a favorite activity in Jaisalmer. Further, boat riding in the Gadi Sagar Lake is yet another exciting thing to do in Jaisalmer. The best time to visit the Gadi Sagar Lake is during the Ganguar Festival, which is usually held in March or April.

  • Salim Singh Ki Haveli

    A distinct architecture that you will come across in Jaisalmer city is the Haveli.

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    A distinct architecture that you will come across in Jaisalmer city is the Haveli of Salim Singh from the 17th century which has an extended arched roof in the shape of a peacock. It is an incredible silhouette that is crafted with 38 balconies, each having distinct designs. Salim Singh Ki Haveli is one of the heritage attractions to explore when you are travelling to Jaisalmer.

  • Jain Temples

    This group of beautiful temples within the Jaisalmer Fort walls have carved structures which depict pictures of sages, hermits, animals, etc.

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    Built in the Dilwara style that is famous all over the world for its architecture, these temples are dedicated to Rikhabdevji and Shambhavdev Ji, the famous Jain hermits known as 'Tirthankaras'. Also on the campus is a Gyan Bhandar Library which is quite interesting to look around as it contains ancient Indian manuscripts.

  • Tazia Tower

    The Badal Palace has a cloud like appearance and has the Tazia Tower emerging from it.

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    This tower is quite different from the usual Rajputana architecture of Rajasthan. It's a tower of 5 storeys and each storey tells a different story. Each floor has a balcony famous for its design and the entire structure has Islamic touch to it, hence is definitely a welcome change to the eye.

  • Kuldhara Village

    Kuldhara is the abandoned village in Rajasthan. It is infamous for being a haunted place and has many old tales to attract tourists.

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    200 years ago, Kuldhara village used to be inhabited by people who were under the cruel rule of their Diwan, Salim Singh. Fearing the rage of the Diwan, the residents fled one night, leaving behind their homes. From then on, nobody has heard or seen any trace of human existence in this village. The story of Kuldhara village has inspired and intrigued many including the team of Indian Paranormal Society who claimed to have observed many such unnatural sights and activities. Tawarikh-i-Jaisalmer, a history book written by Lakshmi Chand, says that a Paliwal Brahmin named Kadhan was the first person to settle in the Kuldhara village who excavated a pond called Udhansar in the village. The book also gives an estimation of approximately 400 houses being present in the former village along with 200 more in the lower township on the outskirts of the village.

  • Bada Bagh

    Bada Bagh in Jaisalmer, Rajasthan is primarliy a cenotaph adjoining a garden, located about 6 kms north of Jaisalmer, on the way to Ramgarh.

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    The set of royal cenotaphs are basically chhatris of the Maharajas which once ruled the Jaisalmer state. The gardens are now largely neglected, but the hill with the cenotaphs is still quite an interesting sight in the middle of the sand dunes, forming a delectable sight for the eyes. The setting of Bada Bagh is dramatically stunning, since the chhatris are the same colour as the landscape around them, a dull brown of the sand, and hence, appear like a mirage in the dessert.. The towering windmills in the distance only add up to the beauty this sight has to offer. The bases of the various chhatris at Bada Bagh are mostly square or hexagonal. The domes, however, could be found in a variety of shapes, ranging from a simple circular, to squarish to a slightly pyramidal shape. These are free from any kind of artwork, and only depict some information about the Raja they depict in particular.

  • Desert National Park

    Desert National Park near Jaisalmer is a protected sanctuary which is considered to be one of the biggest national parks in India.

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    A major part of the park is on a landscape, which consists of lakebed of extinct salt lakes and thorny scrubs and it is amusing to see how come living organisms flourish in the harsh conditions of the desert. If you want to explore the majestic wildlife at the Desert National Park then the best way to do so is by going for an adventure-filled jeep safari which will be an entirely new exciting experience. This spectacular national park is spread over 3,162 sq. km of scrub and sandy wasteland, close to the border of Pakistan. Its main tourist attraction is the great Indian bustard (Choriotis nigriceps), a large bird with a height of 1.2 m (4 ft.) which is almost extinct and only about 1,000 remain now, but sightings are likely here. Other wildlife one can find here are sand grouse, several species of falcon and vulture, desert fox, and chinkara (Indian gazelle). The desert is a harsh place to sustain life and most of the fauna and flora live on the edge here but despite this, this place attracts a large variety of migratory birds due to its close proximity to Bharatpur. It also attracts a large variety of tourists because of the flora and fauna it sustains despite the bleak conditions of the desert.

  • Windmill Park

    India's largest operational onshore wind mill farm, Jaisalmer Wind Mill Park is located in Rajasthan near the Yamuna River between the Vindyha Mountains and the Himalayas.

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    India's largest operational onshore wind mill farm, Jaisalmer Wind Mill Park is located in Rajasthan near the Yamuna River between the Vindyha Mountains and the Himalayas. Tourists often like to visit this park to witness these massive windmills and know more about them, this huge windmill project attracts people as a lot has been spread and heard about them.

  • khuri, Jaisalmer

    Khuri, also known as Tilo Ki Dhani, is a natural hamlet in Thar Desert close to Jaisalmer.

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    Renowned for sand dunes and vast stretch of sandbank, Khuri is an ideal place for camel safari. Considered as one of the less explored hamlets in Thar Desert, the sand dunes the village offers the majestic views of mesmerizing sunrise and sunset and the ripples created by the flying sands in the winds makes the tourist fall in love with the golden sand.

  • Barmer, Jaisalmer

    Filled with vibrant colours, rich heritage and warm hospitality, Barmer is a small town representing the true reflection of Rajasthan all summed up in it.

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    The sandy grounds of the town are lively and a must visit. Nestled right at the beginning of the great Indian Thar Desert, Barmer is a beautiful charming town that owns its fair share of rich historical past. Adorned with several historical sites such as lofty forts and palaces other than temples, you can always witness the rustic environment all around. Adding charm to the raw beauty of the town are the camels trudging along the barren terrain, artisans busy in showing their rich crafts such as pottery, weaving, woodcarving, dance and music. Despite the harsh weather conditions and barren land, the place has attracted tourists from all around the globe displaying their brilliant craftsmanship especially in handicrafts, embroidery work and other traditional art forms.

  • Desert Museum

    Knowledge bank of rich cultural heritage, craftsmanship and artistic talents of Jaisalmer.

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    Knowledge bank of rich cultural heritage, craftsmanship and artistic talents of Jaisalmer, the museum displays varied collections of traditional instruments, rich collections of ancient and medieval coins, any kinds of utensils and other artifacts and admirable textiles. This well-maintained museum is a favorite attraction among the scholars and researchers.


  • Dal Bathi Churma

    The trip to Rajasthan is incomplete without having Dal-Bati-Churma.

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    A fusion of three separate food, it is a complete supper in itself. It is most popular food of the pink city. Bati is a heated ball produced using flour which is then dipped in ghee and consumed with the dal. Churma is a flaky sweet dish created using flour that runs with the dish. No Rajasthani merry or wedding menu is finished without this famous food.

  • Ghevar

    Ghevar is one of the sweet dish of Jaipur which is traditionally prepared with the Teej Festival.

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    Ghevar is one of the sweet dish of Jaipur which is traditionally prepared with the Teej Festival. It is disc-shaped, and made from oil, flour and sugar syrup. It is also famous outside of Jaipur. There are many varieties of Ghevar, including plain, mawa and malai ghevar.

  • Pyaz ki Kachori

    Pyaz ki kachori is first originated in Jodhpur and soon went popular all over in Rajasthan.

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    This is an extremely well known morning breakfast of huge number of people groups of Jaipur. Steaming hot fiery Pyaaz ki Kachori, fit as a fiddle are available in most of the namkeen shops of the city. One must try this fresh flaky southern style kachoris. Pyaaz ki kachori is a namkeen served in Rajasthan with Chutney. Ker Sangri

  • Mava Kachori

    Mawa Kachori is an exotic dessert.

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    Mawa Kachori is an exotic dessert. This is a delicacy from state of Rajasthan. Rajasthan is known for their rich food and culture. Pastry filled with aromatic mixture of mawa and nuts makes a very festive dessert.


    Gajak of Jaipur has its taste and flavors which you can’t find at whatever other place in India.

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    Gajak is a dry sweet, made of sesame seeds or “til” as they are known in Hindi. It’s “til” cooked in sugar syrup and set in slight layers, that can be put away for a considerable length of time. Here were the most famous food of the Pink City. If you think something is missing here, let us know in the comments.



Things to do -  general

Situated close to the Pakistan Border, Jaisalmer is a major tourist spot located in the northwestern state of Rajasthan in India. It is called the 'golden city' due to its bounteous sand dunes flowing in the Thar Desert.

People gather here to witness different ethnic culture and pumped up adventure. It?s a sublime amalgam of heritage, culture and adventure spooks. Autos and tongas are the most widely used mode of transport within the city. Rickshaw pullers might not be as friendly as you would expect them to be, but it's the best way to beat the bottlenecks in the city. Bikes are available for rent too.


Things to do - Sports and nature

Jaisalmer is for everyone who loves cultural events and a trip through rich heritage. It is a beautiful city and is a spectacle of visiting during the Desert Festival.

It is called the 'golden city' due to its bounteous sand dunes flowing in the Thar Desert. People gather here to witness different ethnic culture and pumped up adventure. It?s a sublime amalgam of heritage, culture and adventure spooks.


Things to do - Nightlife

Add just a tiny hint of rich non-vegetarian food in a typical Rajasthani cuisine and subtle influences of North India, and the rich and mouth watering menu that you will get will be Jaisalmer's cuisine.

Murgh-e-subz is a chicken delicacy that you must not miss while in Jaisalmer. Along with this are other non-vegetarian preparations such as Tikkas and kebabs. Other than these Ker Sangri, Banon Aloo and Kadi Pakora are popular and almost define the food here.