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Things to do -  general

Cherrapunji with the historic name Sohra being more commonly used, and can also be spelled Cherrapunjee or Cherrapunji is a subdivisional town in the East Khasi Hills district in the Indian state of Meghalaya. It is the traditional capital of aNongkhlaw hima (Khasi tribal chieftainship constituting a petty state), both known as Sohra or Churra.

Cherrapunji has often been credited as being the wettest place on Earth, but for now nearby Mawsynram currently holds that distinction. Cherrapunji still holds the all-time record for the most rainfall in a calendar month and in a year, however: it received 9,300 millimetres (370 in; 30.5 ft) in July 1861 and 26,461 millimetres (1,041.8 in; 86.814 ft) between 1 August 1860 and 31 July 1861.

Climate

Sohra or Cherrapunji has a mild subtropical highland climate (Köppen Cwb), with monsoonal influences typical of India. The city's annual rainfall average stands at 11,777 millimetres (463.7 in).[4] This figure places it behind only nearby Mawsynram, Meghalaya, whose average is 11,873 millimetres (467.4 in). Cherrapunji receives both the southwest and northeast monsoonal winds, giving it a single monsoon season. It lies on the windward side of the Khasi Hills, so the resulting orographic lift enhances precipitation. In the winter months it receives the northeast monsoon showers that travel down the Brahmaputra valley. The driest months are November, December, January and February.

Temperatures average 11.5 °C (52.7 °F) in January and 20.6 °C (69.1 °F) in August, and the annual mean is 17.3 °C (63.1 °F) Cherrapunji holds two Guinness world records for receiving the maximum amount of rainfall in a single year: 26,471 millimetres (1,042.2 in) of rainfall between August 1860 and July 1861 and for receiving the maximum amount of rainfall in a single month: 9,300 millimetres (370 in) in July 1861.

History

The history of the Khasi people – native inhabitants of Cherrapunji – may be traced from the early part of the 16th century. Between the 16th and 18th centuries, these people were ruled by their tribal 'Syiems (rajas or chiefs) of Khyriem' in the Khasi Hills. The Khasis hills came under British authority in 1883 with the submission of the last of the important Syiems, Tirot Sing.

The main pivot on which the entire superstructure of Khasi society rests is the matrilineal system.[citation needed] The original name for this town was Sohra (soh-ra), which was pronounced "Churra" by the British. This name eventually evolved into the current name, Cherrapunji, meaning 'land of oranges', which was first used by tourists from other parts of India.

Despite abundant rainfall, Cherrapunji faces an acute water shortage and the inhabitants often have to trek very long distances to obtain potable water.[2] Irrigation is hampered due to excessive rain washing away the topsoil as a result of human encroachment into the forests. The Meghalaya state government has renamed Cherrapunji back to its original name, "Sohra". There is a monument to David Scott (British Administrator in NE India, 1802–31) in the Cherrapunji cemetery.

state Meghalaya
District East Khasi Hills
Country India
Elevation 1,484 m (4,869 ft)
Languages spoken Khasi, English
Currency Ruppee

Top Things In Cherrapunji

Places to visits

  • Double Decker Living Root Bridges

    The living root bridges are an ingenious mix of human innovation and natural wonder. One of the top 10 places to visit in Cherrapunji,

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    these bridges are a must on all Cherrapunji sightseeing tours. The bridges have been created by locals by tying up living trees over decades. The best of these bridges is the Umshiang Double-Decker Root Bridge.

    Location

    3 KM trek from Tyrna Village

  • Nohkalikai Waterfalls

    One cannot complete a Cherrapunji tour without a visit to the legendary Nohkalikai Falls. The tallest plunge falls in India, these waterfalls thunder down in a single fall down a height of 1,115 feet. The beautiful falls with the lush forest make a spectacular view.

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    Entry Fees

    INR 10/- per person

    Distance From The City Centre

    Timings

    8 AM – 6 PM

  • Mawsynram Village

    Known to be one of the wettest places on earth, Mawsynram is an idyllic village in Meghalaya.

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    One of the best places to visit near Cherrapunji, the village experiences rain almost throughout the year. It is an ideal place to spend a day relaxing amid bountiful nature.

    Distance From The City Centre

    80 KM

    Things to do

    Village Walk, Birdwatching

  • Krem Mawmluh

    The Cherrapunji area has a lot of natural caves with stalagmite and stalactite formations. And one of such places to visit in Cherrapunji is the Mawmluh Caves or Krem Mawmluh.

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    The river disappears beneath the ground when you enter the glorious cave. It’s a unique experience to wade through the alien looking cave!

    Location

    Behind Mawmluh-Cherra Cements Ltd., lower, Sohra-Laitkynsew Rd

    Timings

    7:30 AM – 4 PM

  • Mawsmai Nongthymmai Eco Park

    The Mawsmai Eco Park is one of the highly recommended tourist places in Cherrapunji to visit during the monsoons.

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    The eco-park managed by the Meghalaya Tourism offers panoramic views of the Green Canyons of Cherrapunji, as well as the far off Sylheti Plains of Bangladesh. The park is ideal for families as a picnic spot and to indulge in photography.

    Entry Fees

    INR 10/- per person

    Timings

    9 AM – 5 PM

  • Wakaba Falls

    The cliffs and canyons of the Khasi Hills of Cherrapunji are home to one of the must visit waterfalls during Cherrapunji sightseeing – the Wakaba Falls.

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    A short trek of about 400 feet leads to a heavenly location with the tiered waterfalls. The red stone cliffs with the forest greenery form a perfect backdrop for the waterfalls.

    Timings

    8 am to 5 pm

  • Dainthlen Waterfall

    Every place in Cherrapunji has a legend accompanying it. The Dainthlen Waterfalls, one of the most popular tourist places in Cherrapunji,

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    also has one! Natural rock carvings near the waterfalls narrate the story of a ‘thlen’ or a python which was killed at the top of the waterfalls. Other than the legend, the waterfalls itself are beautiful and one of the best in the region.

    Timings

    All days – 8 am to 5 pm

  • Mawlynnong Village

    You may already know Mawlynnong as Asia’s cleanest village. But little do you know about the beauty it holds!

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    The picturesque village of Mawlynnong near Cherrapunji promoted extensively by Cherrapunjee tourism is also known as ‘God’s own garden’. Managed completely by the villagers, the cleanliness, and beauty of the village makes you feel like you are in paradise.

    Distance From The City Centre

    81 Kilometers

    Things to do

    Village walk, Visit Skyview Point, Mawlynnong Waterfalls

  • Mawsmai Cave

    The Jaintia Hills of Meghalaya in Cherrapunji is home to the longest cave systems in India. The Mawsmai Cave is among the most accessible of these and has become one of the must-visit places to visit in Cherrapunji.

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    The 150 m long cave is an excellent example of the cave system and ideal for an introduction to the magnificent world of caving.

    Entry Fees

    INR 15/- per person

    Timings

    7 AM – 5 PM

  • Mawkdok Dympep Valley View

    The Mawkdok Dympep Valley View located at the beginning of the Sohra circuit is a compulsory stopover for tourists traveling to Cherrapunji.

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    The viewpoint is a short walk down the road and offers endless panoramas of the verdant valley. It’s a breathtaking sight, especially in the monsoons when the clouds play hide and seek!

  • Mawsmai Falls

    he Mawsmai Falls known locally as the Nohsngithiang Falls or Seven Sisters Waterfalls are a beautiful seven-segmented fall. During the monsoons,

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    all the seven falls sitting on the wide cliff are full of water and create a mesmerizing visual. These falls are also one of the tallest waterfalls in India and among the most popular places to visit in Cherrapunjee Meghalaya.

  • Dawki

    The emerald crystal clear waters of the Umngot River make Dawki a virtual paradise. A town on the international border between Bangladesh and India,

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    it is a thriving trading centre. But its main highlight is the stunning British-era suspension bridge over the river, which puts it on the list of most popular places to visit in Shillong and Cherrapunji.

    Distance from Cherrapunji

    84 KMs

    Things to do

    Walk on the Suspension Bridge at Umngot, Snack on local fish delicacies in the market

Food

  • Momo

    Momo is a type of South Asian dumpling; native to Tibet, Bhutan, Nepal, North Indian region of Ladakh, Northeast Indian regions of Sikkim, Assam, and Arunachal Pradesh, and Darjeeling, West Bengal, India.

  • Jalebi

    jalebi, also known as zulbia and zalabia, is a sweet popular food in some parts of South Asia, West Asia, North Africa, and East Africa

  • Khasi Jingbam – Pudoh

    Several meals followed, we tried sticking to the local Jadoh stalls, and there are so many of them. The best part was, every stall has a different unique taste of the same dish, and the most unassuming of the stall gave out the best tasting items. My favorite khasi food of the trip was this Pudoh (steamed rice powder stuffed with pork chunks) and Putharo (steamed rice cakes). Both these items were made of red rice (unlike all others I’ve had) and were extremely soft and fluffy. Excellent accompaniments to the laal cha or the red tea Khasis are so fond of.

  • Jadoh

    Several meals followed, we tried sticking to the local Jadoh stalls, and there are so many of them. The best part was, every stall has a different unique taste of the same dish, and the most unassuming of the stall gave out the best tasting items. My favorite khasi food of the trip was this Pudoh (steamed rice powder stuffed with pork chunks) and Putharo (steamed rice cakes). Both these items were made of red rice (unlike all others I’ve had) and were extremely soft and fluffy. Excellent accompaniments to the laal cha or the red tea Khasis are so fond of.

  • Chow mein

    Chow mein are Chinese stir-fried noodles, the name being the romanization of the Taishanese chāu-mèing. The dish is popular throughout the Chinese diaspora and appears on the menus of most Chinese restaurants

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