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Things to do -general

The history of the city stretches back over 2000 years. The area first appears as the ancient capital of Kalinga. Bhubaneshwar India, the 'city of temples', named after Tribhuvaneswar, 'Lord of Three Worlds', still preserves over 500 of India's finest temples, around which the religious life of the city revolves.

Mythological references and the epigraphic sources describe the area as Ekamra Kshetra and Saiva Pitha. In 1936, the Odisha (Odisha (Orissa)) became a separate province with Cuttack as its Capital, which was eventually changed to Bhubaneswar in 1956. Together with Puri and Konark, Bhubaneswar forms the 'golden triangle'--one of the most visited destinations in East India, for its proud possession of magnificent sculpture and majestic architectural heritage.

Bhubaneswar, also spelt as Bhubaneshwar, is the capital of the Indian state of Odisha. It is the largest city in Odisha and is a centre of economic and religious importance in Eastern India.Along with the old town, the region of Bhubaneswar, historically was often depicted as Ekamra Kshetra. With the diverse ranges of heritage resources, it showcases significant sacred cultural landscape components which have evolved with the support of available natural resource base and cultural trigger.

Although the modern city of Bhubaneswar was formally established only in 1948, the history of the areas in and around the present-day city can be traced to 3rd century BCE and earlier. It is a confluence of Hindu, Buddhist and Jain heritage boasting of some of some of the finest Kalingan temples. With many 6th-13th century CE Hindu temples, which span the entire spectrum of Kalinga architecture, Bhubaneswar is often referred to as a "Temple City of India". With Puri and Konark it forms the Swarna Tribhuja ("Golden Triangle"), one of eastern India's most visited destinations.

Bhubaneswar replaced Cuttack as the capital on 19 August 1949, 2 years after India gained its independence from Britain. The modern city was designed by the German architect Otto Königsberger in 1946. Along with Jamshedpur and Chandigarh, it was one of modern India's first planned cities. Bhubaneswar and Cuttack are often referred to as the 'twin cities of Odisha'. The metropolitan area formed by the two cities had a population of 1.7 million in 2011.Bhubaneswar is categorised as a Tier-2 city. An emerging information technology (IT) and education hub, Bhubaneswar is one of the country's fastest-developing cities.


The foundation of the modern Bhubaneswar city was laid in 1948, although the areas in and around the city have a history going back to 1st century BCE or earlier.Dhauli, near Bhubaneswar is the site of the Kalinga War (c. 262-261 BCE), in which the Mauryan emperor Ashoka invaded and annexed Kalinga.One of the most complete edicts of the Mauryan Emperor, Ashoka, dating from between 272–236 BCE, remains carved in rock 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) to the southwest of the modern city.After the decline of the Mauryan empire, the area came under the rule of Mahameghavahana dynasty, whose most well-known rule is Kharavela. His Hathigumpha inscription is located at the Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves near Bhubaneswar. The area was subsequently ruled by several dynasties, including Satavahanas, Guptas, Matharas, and Shailobhavas.

In 7th century, Somavamshi or Keshari dynasty established their kingdom in the area, and constructed a number of temples. After the Kesharis, the Eastern Gangas ruled Kalinga area until 14th century CE. Their capital Kalinganagar was located in present-day Bhubaneswar district. After them, Mukunda Deva of the Bhoi dynasty – the last Hindu ruler of the area until the Marathas – developed several religious buildings in the area.Most of the older temples in Bhubaneswar were built between 8th and 12th centuries, under Shaiva influence. The Ananta Vasudeva Temple is the only old temple of Vishnu in the city.In 1568, the Karrani dynasty of Afghan origin gained control of the area. During their reign, most of the temples and other structures were destroyed or disfigured.

In the 16th century, the area came under Mughal control. The Marathas, who succeeded the Mughals in mid-18th century, encouraged pilgrimage in the region. In 1803, the area came under British colonial rule, and was part of the Bengal Presidency (until 1912), Bihar and Orissa Province (1912-1936) and Orissa Province (1936-1947).The capital of the British-ruled Orissa Province was Cuttack, which was vulnerabile to floods and suffered from space constraints. Because of this, on 30 September 1946, a proposal to move the capital to a new capital was introduced in the Legislative Assembly of the Orissa Province. After independence of India, the foundation of the new capital was laid by Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru on 13 April 1948.The name of the new capital came from "Tribhubaneswar" or "Bhubaneswar" (literally "Lord of the Earth"), a name of Shiva, the deity of the Lingaraja temple.The Legislative Assembly of Orissa was shifted from Cuttack to Bhubaneswar in 1949.Bhubaneswar was built as a modern city, designed by German architect Otto Königsberger with wide roads, gardens and parks.Though part of the city followed the plan, it grew rapidly over the next few decades, outstripping the planning process.According the first census of independent India, taken in 1951, the city's population was just 16,512. From 1952 to 1979, it was administered by a Notified Area Council or a nagar panchayat; a municipality was established only on 12 March 1979. By the 1991 census, the population of Bhubaneswar had increased to 411,542. Accordingly, on 14 August 1994, the Bhubaneswar Municipal Corporation was established.

The history of Bhubaneswar and its environs, as the several archaeological finds from the dawn to historical period to the end of Hindu rule, goes back much earlier than the 7th to 13th centuries. Its sanctity as Ekamrakshetra led rulers to embellish the area with grandeur temples actuated by the hope of an eternal abode in heaven.

The Bhubaneswar area first appears in history during the 4th century BC. The fortified city of Sisupalgarh, 5 km northeast of Dhauli and 2.5 km southeast of Bhubaneswar, was the site of Kalinga Nagar--the Capital of the Chedi (Mahameghavahan) Kings. Excavations here revealed that this Fort had a well developed civil and military architecture, all through the beginning of the 3rd century BC to the middle of the 4th century AD.

The archaeological remains at Dhauli, and hills of Udayagiri and Khandagiri give evidence of both Jain and Buddhist settlements around Bhubaneswar in the first two centuries BC. The waning of Buddhism and vanishing of Jainism with the growth of Saiva Pasupata Sect, in the second century BC saw Brahmanism as the dominant religion under the successive dynasties that ruled Odisha (Orissa)--the Shailodbhava and the Bhaumakaras in the 12-13th centuries. The temple building reached the zenith of its glory between 7th and 12th centuries when thousands of sandstone temples were erected around the Bindu Sagar, earning it the title 'The city of Temples'. The period under the Gangas saw emergence of Vaishnavism to prominence.

The perfect symphony between its architecture and sculpture, the mastery carvings and the grand repertoire of its motifs make these temples unique. In the 15th century, the Mughals raided the city and razed all but a few of the temples. After independence, Bhubaneswar was declared the new Capital replacing Cuttack.

The southern suburbs of the city have remnants of some of the striking temples, like the Lingaraja Temple, the Muktesvara Temple, etc., together with the famous archaeological and historical sites of Dhauli, Khandagairi and Udayagiri. The area on the northeast has wide tree-lined avenues and many a modern administrative buildings. The commercial and the business activities are centered around places named as Kalpana Square or Kalpana Chhak on the busy Cuttack Road, Rajmahal Square, Station Square or Master Canteen and the road further on to Vani Vihar, Janpath, housing most lodges, restaurants, shopping arcades and banks. Set on the Mahanadi Delta, the present city is a modern happening place with top class infrastructure. Many major national and international conglomerates having inked agreements to profitably invest in the State occupy offices here in Bhubaneswar. Star category hotels, restaurants, cafes, shopping malls provide quality lifestyle and refinement.

state Odisha,India
Country India
Area 422 km2 (163 sq mi))
Languages spoken Odiya,Hindi,English
Currency Ruppee

Top Things In Bhubaneshwar

Places to visits

  • Lingaraj Temple

    The splendid Lingaraj Temple is a masterpiece and the culmination of the revolution of temple architecture in Odisha.

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    The main temple is restricted to Hindus, but there is a viewing platform from which one can catch a sight. Over a thousand years old, the temple stands as a testament to the marvellous Kalinga type of architecture and is filled with extraordinary detail and traditions: from the granite block representing the lord and bathed daily in milk, water and bhang (marijuana) to the two moustachioed lions at the main gate.

  • Nandankanan Zoo

    Located on the banks of Kanjia Lake, this zoo is home to over 67 kinds of mammals, 81 species of birds and 18 varieties of reptiles.

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    It was the first zoo in India to join the World Association of Zoos and Aquariums (WAZA) and also houses a botanical garden. Visitors can see black panthers, white tigers, gharial crocodiles and many other animals, birds and reptiles in an attempt to maintain the natural balance of nature against the growing urbanisation of Bhubaneswar.

  • Udayagiri &


    Six kilometres to the west of the city lay the Udayagiri and Khandagiri caves.

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    The caves have derived their names from the hills on which they are situated, facing one another across the road. They are said to have been chiselled out for Jain ascetics in the 1st century BC. The caves have been enumerated according to Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), Hatigumpha (Cave 14) and Ganehsagumpa (Cave 9) are especially well known. Cave 1 is adorned by sculptural friezes while Carved figures of women, elephants, athletes and geese carrying flowers are in the Ananta Cave (Cave 3).

  • Dhauli Giri

    Dhauli Giri is a Buddhist structure built jointly in 1972 by the Japan Buddha Sangh and the Kalinga Nippon Buddha Sangh.

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    He stupa has a mushroom-like dome and decorated with stone panels. The main panels are adorned with a reclining Buddha, an elephant procession, Bodhi tree and the footprints of Buddha bearing the chakra (wheel). The panels also display Emperor Ashoka renouncing war by offering his sword to Buddha at Dhauli Giri. There are also plenty of other ancient sculpture and diverse art forms found at the site.

  • Tribal Museum

    The Orissa Museum of Tribal Arts and Artifacts, popularly known as the Tribal Museum, is an important place in Bhubaneswar.

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    It is located around three kilometres from the city’s railway station, and is the best place to learn and understand the tribal communities in Orissa. Over 62 tribal communities call the state of Orissa their home. The museum houses around 2,247 artifacts and displays a rich collection of tribal instruments, dresses, weapons, jewellery, textiles giving one a unique insight into the lives of the tribal communities.

  • Hirakud Dam

    Hirakud Dam Orissa, constructed across the Mahanadi River, is one of the world 's longest man-made dams in the world.

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    The dam with the channel has an ideal atmosphere for wildlife and making it an important place of the tourist interest. Located at a distance of 15 kms from the Sambalpur district and at a distance of around 305 km from Bhubaneshwar, Hirakud is a small town which has a major dam which was built during the year 1956. This dam has been the source of tourism in this region since a lot of years, the magnificence of it a reflection of India's fast development process. Situated near the dam is a hill called Budharaja hill which has a temple at its top, known as Budharaja temple dedicated to Lord Shiva which has stunning views of the dam from atop the hill. Another temple which is a must-visit in Hirakud is the Ghanteshwari Temple which served as a lighthouse for the incoming ships and the bells were used to warn the sailors. Hirakud has its own railway station and trains connect this place to other major parts of the country.

  • Iskcon Temple

    Built by the ISKCON (International Society for Krishna Consciousness) in 1991.

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    Built by the ISKCON (International Society for Krishna Consciousness) in 1991, this temple serves as an alternative to Lord Jagannath temple of Puri as that temple is restricted to Indians. This temple is believed to offer abode to Lord Jagannath himself.

  • Parasurameswara


    Constructed in 650 A.D. this temple is a unique specimen of Oriyan style of architecture.

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    The most special feature of this temple is the presence of one thousand lingas in the north-west corner of the complex. Besides this, it is adorned with beautiful carvings of Lord Ganesha, Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. The artistic splendor with which the detailing of the sculptures and carvings are done reflects the glory of the era gone by.

  • Bindu Sarovara

    The Bindu Sarovar or Bindu Sagar is a water tank which is believed to be sacred by Hindus.

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    This tank is surrounded by a number of temples and lies in the vicinity of the Lingaraj Temple. The water of the Bindu Sagar is believed to contain drops from all holy rivers and pools in India.

  • Raja Rani Temple

    Raja Rani Temple is situated in the capital of orissa was earlier known as Indreswara Temple.

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    Raja rani temple is one of the most renowed and popular temples situated in the capital of Orissa. it is founded in 18th century and is temple devoted to Lord Brahma. It was earlier known as Indreswara Temple. It is a very prestigious holy place mentioned in the hindu religion. it is well known for its architecture which symbolises the life of the Lord Shiva. Beautiful sculptures are carved on the walls of the temple.

  • Tikarpada Wildlife


    Tikarpada is a small town nestled on the banks of River Mahanadi, situated at a distance of 160 km from the capital city of Bhubaneshwar.

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    The wildlife sanctuary in this town is very popular among tourists, especially the ones enthusiastic about jungle safaris and spotting wildlife in its natural habitat. Among the various species that can be spotted here are elephants, rhesus macaques, leopards, spotted deer, pangolins and tigers. The sanctuary is also home to various species of Gharials which are released in the Mahanadi River. The Tikarpada Wildlife Sanctuary also offers various adventure sports like trekking, river rafting etc.

  • Mukteswara Temple

    Mukteswara Temple dedicated to Lord Shiva is a 10th century temple and presents a quintessential example of the longevity of the Kalinga style of architecture.

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    This temple has stood the test of time and still stands 35 feet tall in all its glory and charm. This temple has beautiful sculptures and carvings depicting the various Panchatantra stories.


  • Maccha Ghanta

    If the Maccha Ghanta – is number one on your list, we strongly suggest you partake.

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    Maccha Ghanta is a dish of Odiya origin and is the main dish for the occasion of Durga Ashtmi. It is mainly prepared from fish pieces, Bengal gram, onion, eggplant, potato and spices such as cardamom, cinnamon, Bay leaves, Garam masala, etc.The devotion of service to community is absolutely tear jerking. Jostling with other devotees and visitors for a taste of Kada Prasad is worth it, considering that it has a taste like no other. Maybe it's because discrimination and inequality are things that are not tolerated.

  • Crab Kalia

    Crab Kalia is a popular seafood dish in Bhubaneswar and is made from fresh crabs cooked .

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    Crab Kalia is a popular seafood dish in Bhubaneswar and is made from fresh crabs cooked along with potatoes, onions, gingers and a variety of spices. stuffed kulchas with chhole are just some things that they do better than any place. Do keep in mind, due to their close proximity to Bhubaneswar. But don't let that hamper your decision just because you're a hardcore meat-eater. The kebabs can wait. .

  • Bhendi Bhaja –

    Bhendi Bhaja is silted Ladyfinger stuffed with fillings of mixture of spices.

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    Bhendi Bhaja is silted Ladyfinger stuffed with fillings of mixture of spices, ginger and garlic paste and is shallow fried until it is crispy enough and is served hot. A simple broth spiced with garam masala, chilli and lentil leaves and generously blessed with pieces of hooves, the dish is best paired with kheema paratha, although it breaks into a million pieces in your hand.

  • Chuda or Poha

    A major food item served in the breakfast is chuda or poha, which is flattened rice, puffed rice and is eaten fried or with curd.

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    A major food item served in the breakfast is chuda or poha, which is flattened rice, puffed rice and is eaten fried or with curd.. Churned the way lassi is, the secret ingredient is a natural essence the many patrons still cannot decipher. The original lassi is hands down the best so far, and we suggest a tall steel glass of it first thing in the morning.

  • Khichdi

    Khichdi is prepared with rice cooked with lentils together with a lot of ghee and is offered as bhog to Lord.

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    Khichdi is prepared with rice cooked with lentils together with a lot of ghee and is offered as bhog to Lord Jagannathji at Puri temple. It is also very popular among people of Bhubaneswar.



Things to do - London general

Bhubaneswar, the temple city of India, once known for its architecture and grand temples, is presently a thriving centre for commerce and business.

Bhubaneshwar is an ancient city replete with beautiful historic temples which attract pilgrims and tourists from all over the country. The name of the city literally means Lord of the Universe, rightly reflected in the number of temples here and the religious fervor of its locals. This is now a bustling city where the history is beautifully intertwined with its modern and progressive present. Bhubaneshwar being the centre for religious tourism has a number of majestic temples built centuries ago which have still retained their original over all these years. Among them the Lingaraj temple and the Parasurameswara temple are must-visits and attract tourists for all parts of the country.


Things to do - London Sports and nature

A Bhubaneshwar tour would include a visit to the various tourist attractions such as Lingaraja temple dedicated to Lord Shiva which adds a mythological charm to the city.

The scenic Bindusagar Lake. You will get to see a lot of beautiful architectural monuments in Bhubaneshwar such as museums and lots of Jain temples.


Things to do - Bhubaneshwar Nightlife

The sweets that one should not miss are Pithas, Kora-Khhaii, Rasabali, Chenna Gaja, Chenna Poda and Rasagola . One might also want to try the Abadha or the vegetarian food served in temples.

Tourists coming to Bhubaneswar must try authentic Oriya cuisine. While the city's platter has a wide variety of both vegetarian and non-vegetarian dishes, the favorites here, revolve around mouth-watering desserts and seafood. The local specialties that one must relish are Machha Jholo (a fish curry), Gupchup, Cuttack Chaat, Aloo Dum, Dahi Pakhal, Badi Choora, Dalma, Santula and more.